1. IAlfa-Lactalbumin
I-2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. I-Lactoperoxidase (LP)
I-4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. I-Lactoferrin (LF)


Yintoni iprotey

Iprotein ifumaneka kuwo wonke umzimba-kwizihlunu, ithambo, ulusu, iinwele kunye nawo onke amalungu omzimba okanye izicubu. Yenza ii-enzymes ezinika amandla amaninzi ekuphenduleni kwemichiza kunye hemoglobin ethwala ioksijini egazini lakho. Ubuncinci ezili-10,000 zeeproteni ezahlukeneyo zikwenza into oyiyo kwaye zikugcine unjalo.

Iprotein inika amandla kwaye ixhasa imo yokusebenza kunye nokusebenza kwengqondo. Sisisitya esibalulekileyo esifunekayo ekwakheni, ukugcina, nokulungisa izicubu, iiseli kunye namalungu emzimbeni wonke.

Zintoni iipersin protein?

Iipowder zeeprotein yimithombo yeeprotein efumaneka kwizilwanyana okanye ukutya kwezityalo, njengobisi, amaqanda, irayisi okanye iipayi. Iipowder zeeprotein zivela kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo kwaye ziyafumaneka kwiindlela ezahlukeneyo. Abantu bazisebenzisa ukwandisa ubunzima bemisipha, ukuphucula ukwakhiwa komzimba ngokubanzi kunye nokunceda ukufezekisa iimfuno zabo zeprotein.

Kodwa loluphi uhlobo lweProtein powder olungileyo?

Zininzi iindlela ezahluka-hlukeneyo zokukhetha umgubo weprotein phaya, zinokuziva lukhathazekile ngamanye amaxesha. Apha ngezantsi ngowona mthombo u-5 weyona protein.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

Ialfa-lactalbumin Iprotey yendalo ene-Whey enendalo enomxholo ophakamileyo ngokwemvelo wazo zonke i-amino acid ezixabisekileyo kunye nee-amino acid (i-BCAA), iyenza ibe ngumthombo weproteyini owahlukileyo. Eyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu ye-amino acid kwi-alpha-lactalbumin yi-tryptophan kunye ne-cysteine, kunye ne-BCAAs; I-leucine, isoleucine kunye neValine.

Ngenxa yomxholo ophezulu we-branched-chain amino acids (BCAA, ~ 26%), ngakumbi i-leucine, i-alpha-lactalbumin ixhasa ngokufanelekileyo kwaye ivuselela ukuvela kweprotein yemisipha, okwenza kube ngumthombo ofanelekileyo weprotheni yokuphucula impilo yemisipha kunye nokunceda ukukhusela i-sarcopenia ngexesha lokuguga.

I-2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

IBeta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) yiproteyini enkulu kubisi oluqwayitiweyo kwaye ikwakhona kubisi lwezinye izilwanyana, kodwa ayifumaneki kubisi lomntu. IBeta-lactoglobulin Iproteni ye-lipocalin, kwaye inokubopha ii-molekyuli ezininzi ze-hydrophobic, iphakamisa indima kwindleko yazo. I-to-lactoglobulin ikwabonakalisiwe ukuba ikwazi ukubopha i-iron siderophores kwaye ke inokuba nendima ekulweni iintsholongwane. I-ac-Lactoglobulin ibeka izinto ezahlukeneyo ezisebenzayo kunye nezesondlo ezenze ukuba le proteni ibe yinto ehambelana nezinto ezininzi ekutyeni nasekusebenziseni izinto eziphilayo.

I-3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

I-Lactoperoxidase yinto yemvelo efumaneka kubisi lwezona izilwanyana ezininzi ezincancisayo, kunye nolunye ulwelo lomzimba njengeenyembezi kunye namathe. Isebenza njengento ebambisayo, i-ionocizingate ion phambi kokuba kubekho i-hydrogen peroxide kwi-asidi ye-hypothiocyanous. Iasidi iyahlula ubisi kunye ne-ion ye-hypothiocyanate isabela kunye namaqela e-suphydryl ukwenza i-enzymes ze-metabolic zibekhona. Oku kuthintela iintsholongwane ukuba zingaphindaphindeki kwaye kunokubangela umgangatho olwamkelekileyo wobisi oluluhlaza.

I-Lactoperoxidase iyaziwa njengepropathi ye-antimicrobial kunye ne-antioxidant. Ngokophando olupapashwe kwiJenali yeAAppped Microbiology, inezinto ezilwa nezifo eziluncedo kulusu kwaye ziyakwazi ukuphelisa ukubulala iintsholongwane. I-Lactoperoxidase ikwayinxalenye ebalulekileyo yokudityaniswa kwezithako ezisetyenziselwa ukunqanda imvubelo, isikhunta, iintsholongwane kunye neebacteria ekukhuleni kwezinto zokuthambisa kunye nezinye iimveliso zobuhle.

I-Lactoperoxidase yi-glycoprotein enemisebenzi yokulwa ne-microbial, isetyenziswa njengesixhobo sokuzinzisa ukunceda ukuphucula uzinzo lobomi kunye nobomi bezinto ezikhoyo.

I-4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

I-Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Yeyona isotype yeyona nto ininzi egazini (plasma), eyenza i-70-75% yabantu kwi-immunoglobulins (antibodies). I-IgG ihambisa izinto ezinobungozi kwaye ibalulekile ekubonweni kobunzima be-antigen anti-anti-leukocytes kunye nee-macrophages. I-IgG idluliselwa kwisibeleko ngeplasenta kwaye ikhusela usana luze luziveze amajoni omzimba.

I-immunoglobulin inokubopha kwi-pathogenic microorganisms kunye ne-toxin ukwenza ii-antibodies, ezinokuphucula ukungasebenzi kwenkqubo yabantu abadala.

5.I-Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

I-Lactoferrin yiprotein efumaneka ngokwemvelo kubisi ebantwini nakwiinkomo. Ikwafumaneka kolunye ulwelo emzimbeni emzimbeni olunje ngamathe, iinyembezi, umosi, kunye ne-bile. I-lactoferrin ifumaneka kweyona mali iphezulu kwi-colostrum, uhlobo lokuqala lobisi olwenziwe emva kokuba umntwana luzelwe. Imisebenzi ephambili yeLactoferrin emzimbeni ibandakanya ukubopha kunye nokuhambisa i-iron. Kuyanceda ukulwa nosulelo.

I-Lactoferrin ibalulekile ukwanda kwemisebenzi yokuzikhusela kwiintsana ezincancisiweyo. Inika umsebenzi we-antibacterial kunye nokuxhasa amajoni omzimba kwiintsana zabantu. I-LF yicandelo lamajoni omzimba anoxanduva lokuzikhusela kwinqanaba le-mucosal, ngenxa yomsebenzi walo ophezulu wokuchasa iintsholongwane.

I-Lactoferrin kunye nezongezo ze-lactoferrin zifundwe ngokubanzi. Abanye abantu bathatha izongezo ze-lactoferrin ukufumana izibonelelo ze-antioxidant kunye ne-anti-inflammatory.

Kwezolimo zamashishini, i-lactoferrin powder isetyenziselwa ukubulala iintsholongwane ngexesha lokucocwa kwenyama.

Imbekiselo:

  1. U-Layman D, uLönnerdal B, uFernstrom J. Izicelo ze-α-lactalbumin kwisondlo somntu. I-Nutr Rev 2018; 76 (6): 444-460.
  2. UMarkus C, uOlivier B, uPanhuysen G, et al. Iprotheyini ye-bovine alpha-lactalbumin inyusa umyinge weplasma we-tryptophan ukuya kwenye i-asidi ye-amino acid enkulu, kwaye kwizifundo ezinobungozi iphakamisa umsebenzi we-serotonin yengqondo, inciphise ukuxinzezeleka kwe-cortisol, kunye nokuphucula imeko yoxinzelelo. NdinguJ Clin Nutr 2000; 71 (6): 1536-1544.
  3. Ukunxibelelana kwe-beta-lactoglobulin ene-retinol kunye namafutha acid kunye nendima yazo njengomsebenzi wezinto eziphilayo wale protein: uphononongo.Pérez MD et al. J Ubisi lweSayensi. (1995)
  4. Ukutyhilwa kwe-beta-lactoglobulin kumphezulu we-nanoparticles ye-polystyrene: iindlela zokuvavanywa kunye nokufumana iindlela.Miriani M et al. Iiproteni. (2014)
  5. Utshintsho lolwakhiwo kwi-emulsion-bind bovine beta-lactoglobulin ichaphazela iproteolysis yayo kunye ne-immunoreactivity.Marengo M et al. I-Biochim Biophys Acta. (2016)
  6. Iintshukumo ze-antimicrobial ze-oxidases ezimbini kunye ne-lactoperoxidase.Sarr D et al. J Microbiol. (I-2018) Ukunyanzelwa kwe-Lactoperoxidase kwi-nanoparticles yesilivere kuphucula umsebenzi wayo we-antimicrobial.Sheikh IA et al. J Res Res. (2018)
  7. I-Lactoperoxidase, Iprotein yobisi lwe-Antimicrobial, njenge-activator enokubakho yeCarcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines kwi-Castast Cancer.Sheikh IA et al. Isifo se-Anticancer Res. (2017)
  8. Ukubaluleka kweNkqubo ye-Lactoperoxidase kwiMpilo ye-Oral: Ukusetyenziswa kunye nokuSebenza kweMveliso yezeMpilo ye-Oral. UMagacz M, Kędziora K, uSapa J, uKrzyściak W. Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Matshi 21
  9. I-Lactoferrin-equlathe i-immunocomplex mediates antitumor isiphumo sokuseta kwakhona ii-macrophages ezinxulumene nesithukuthezi ukuya kwi-M1 phenotype.Dong H, Yang Y, Gao C, Sun H, Wang H, Hong C, Wang J, Gong F, Gao XJ Immunother Cancer. 2020 Mar
  10. I-povide ye-bovine lactoferrin-ethathwe kwi-peptide efundise i -eoeoisis ngomgaqo wokuchuma kwe-osteoblast kunye nokwahlula.Shi P, fan F, Chen H, Xu Z, Cheng S, Lu W, Du MJ Dairy Sci. 2020 Mar 17
  11. I-Lactoferrin's anti-Cancer Properties: Ukhuseleko, ukuKhetha, kunye noHlobo olubanzi lweSenzo.Cutone A, Rosa L, Ianiro G, Lepanto MS, Bonaccorsi di Patti MC, Valenti P, Musci G.Biomolecules. 2020 Mar 15
  12. Uvavanyo lweklinikhi yeLactoferrin kuZalo olusanda kuzalwa: Iziphumo zokuSuleleka kunye neGut Microbiome.Embleton ND, Berrington JE.Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2020 Mar 11